Victim of Email Hacking and Email Fraud

Cyber Insurance Coverage Can Help Mitigate Risk, But May Not Cover Human Factors

Many CISOs now include cyber insurance, or cyber liability insurance, in their cybersecurity risk management strategy. Cyber insurance coverage can play a critical role in an organization’s efforts to mitigate the financial and operational impacts of cyber events. According to a recent Hiscox Cyber Readiness Report, about 41% of firms in U.S. and European markets have already invested in cyber insurance policies.

How does cyber insurance coverage help? When companies face a significant data breach or ransomware attack, they may struggle to recover if they’re relying on the same, lean set of day-to-day resources. Cyber insurance coverage can ease the costs of remediation following a cybersecurity incident, including payment for legal assistance, investigators, crisis communicators, and customer credits or refunds. 

Many security leaders are thinking even more about the value of having cyber insurance coverage as remote and hybrid work initiatives continue to expand. They worry about the explosion of business-critical and sensitive information, such as customer contacts and credit card numbers, traversing the internet—and thus, the heightened risk for cyber attacks.

Data privacy laws and regulations adding pressure on companies—and insurers

The security risks of a remote or hybrid workforce aren’t the only concerns for today’s security leaders, though. In recent years, governments and regulatory bodies have been applying more pressure on organizations to do a better job of protecting people’s personal information—and to take responsibility when something bad happens. The California State Assembly even introduced a bill in February 2020 to make cyber insurance mandatory for all businesses that contract with state and have access to protected personal information.

The growing number of stringent data privacy laws, such as those listed below, is even prompting some insurance providers to focus on cybersecurity insurance measures:

Cyber insurance coverage doesn’t replace a robust prevention strategy

Cyber insurers are even challenged to adapt their approach to coverage, as they’re finding losses unsustainable. Insurers have been known to deny plans and claims or increase premiums when organizations can’t demonstrate the implementation of preventive controls. Yet, it’s worth noting that technical controls alone aren’t sufficient to address many human factors and behavioral risks — and today’s threat landscape is dominated by social engineering tactics. 

Companies must also be aware of the fine print in their cyber insurance policies. If they lose money or data due to a business email compromise (BEC) incident, for example, they may find they’re not actually covered. Many cyber insurance policies don’t cover what the insurers consider to be forgery, computer fraud, social engineering, ransom or funds-transfer fraud.

To learn more about current cybersecurity trends, download a copy of the latest “Human Factor Report” from Proofpoint. 

Subscribe to the Proofpoint Blog